Ellen Tolsma, an Associate at the Heidman Law Firm received a directed verdict on August 23, 2017. A directed verdict is an order from the Judge finding that no reasonable jury could find for the plaintiffs and the evidence presented is legally insufficient. Granting a directed verdict is very rare. In this case, the Judge ruled that the plaintiffs had failed to present expert medical testimony on causation of emotional damages. Because the plaintiffs failed to present this required evidence, the Judge found in favor of the Defendant, represented by Ms. Tolsma, without needing to submit it to the jury.